Children Health Tips Myopia

Excess Usage of Smart Phones and Computers can Lead to Myopia in Children

Things to know about Myopia in Children

Myopia in children is one of the usual vision difficulties in childhood. About 9% of kids ages 5-17 are nearsighted. Kids with this ailment can normally see objects close up, but struggle to see something far away. It is often diagnosed around first or second grade when they struggle to view the board in class.

Are your kids facing difficulty seeing distant objects or complaining about not being able to read the letters written on board clearly? If yes, then it is better to contact an Ophthalmologist without neglecting, as this may be due to an eye problem called Myopia.

What is Myopia in Children?

Myopia also called nearsightedness, is a progressive visual disorder wherein people face difficulty seeing the object that is farther away. Myopia rates are increasing rapidly these days and too much usage of computers and smartphones is believed to have a crucial role in Myopia. Myopia along with weakening the vision also alters the physical structure of the eye. It can either steepen the front surface of the eye or stretch the retina backwards.

what are the causes of  Myopia?

Excess usage of smartphones, sitting in front of computers for hours, staying inside the classrooms and houses away from natural sunlight is having major impacts on the eye health of your little ones. In the end, these factors can also lead to Myopia and many other vision problems.

Children nowadays are spending most of the time in front of computers and touch screen phones which causes severe harm to the development of vision in childhood. Myopia if left untreated can increase the risk of blindness in children. It is estimated that by 2050, half of the world’s population i.e. around 5 billion people will get affected Myopia.

Experts even suggest conducting eye tests for newborn infants through which we can detect eye problems among children in the early stages. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a type of vision problem which is mostly seen in premature babies. Though these kids look normal outside, their eyesight will get damaged gradually. If detected within 30 days, ROP can be corrected.

Currently, the usage of smartphones has increased drastically. Most of the parents today are handing their phones to their kids in order to complete their tasks and kids are playing with them for hours. This excess usage of smartphones leads to many problems like dry eyes, headache, irritation, physical discomforts and so on.

Approximately, 3 lack people are suffering from Myopia in our country, whereas, around 30% of the population are facing glaucoma and eye cancer problems, 50% of people are facing refractive error problem and about 5-10% of people are facing other eye-related problems.

Precautions to control Myopia in Children

Below are few precautionary steps which help to prevent and control Myopia in children
  • Blink your eyes more often when working on a computer for long hours. Blinking can prevent eye dryness and irritation.
  • Do not keep your smartphones closer to your eyes.
  • Make sure kids play and spend most of their time outside under the sun instead of playing indoors.
  • Eat more Carotenoid rich foods like Carrots, spinach, pumpkin and other available greens.
  • Get enough night sleep. Sleep does not just prevent vision problems but also improves overall wellbeing.
  • Get your eyes checked regularly.
Children Health Tips Pneumonia

Pneumonia Turning into a Major Cause of Child Deaths in India

Pneumonia is turning into a major problem for Children

Recent studies revealed that Pneumonia is turning to be a major cause of child deaths in India. It is estimated that,  at the end of 2030, Pneumonia can strike down 17 lack children below the age of 5 years. The study also estimated that around 1.1 crore child deaths may occur worldwide due to Pneumonia.

The research report on Pneumonia is turning into a major problem

On the account of World Pneumonia Day, an International NGO “Save the Children” released an annual research report on Pneumonia cases on Monday. Major elements of the report include

  • A study revealed that Pneumonia has turned to be the leading cause of child deaths in the world-beating back other severe diseases like malaria, diarrhoea and chickenpox.
  • In the year 2016, 8.8 lakh people died due to this infectious disease and most of them are children below 2 years of age.
  • With vaccination and nutritious food, around 40 lakh pneumonia deaths can be prevented.
  • Up to 6.1 lakh deaths can be prevented with 90% of vaccination in children below 5 years.
  • Around 25 lakh child deaths can be prevented with nutritious food and around 90 lakh deaths can be prevented with cheap antibiotics.
List of Countries with Highest Pneumonia Deaths In Lakh’s






The Democratic Republic of the Congo












Children Diabetes Health Tips

Diabetes, a Sweet and Deadly Disease in Children

Things to know about Diabetes in children

Diabetes is once considered to be an elder’s problem but now is also seen diabetes in children. Diabetes is affecting more and more children these days. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are seen in children of this generation. Currently, in India, around 1 lakh children are suffering from Type 1 diabetes, whereas even Type 2 diabetes (which is mostly seen in elders) is also affecting many children. Surprisingly Type 2 cases are increasing at a faster phase these days.

Irrespective of type, it is very important to recognize and treat diabetes at the right time. If left untreated or timely diagnosis is not provided, it disturbs the children both physically and mentally. In long run, it also affects many organs like the heart and kidney and leads to several complications. Hence it is very crucial to know about Diabetes.

As we all know, every cell in our body needs the energy to function properly and we get this energy from the food we eat. Our body breaks down the food we eat into glucose. After the glucose reaches every cell, insulin (a hormone released by the pancreas) acts as a key and allows glucose to enter into every cell in our body.

The glucose entered into the cells can then be used as the energy right away or can be stored for later use. In this whole process, Insulin plays a crucial role in the proper functioning of our body. If enough insulin is not produced or if the insulin produced by the pancreas is not used properly, it greatly affects the sugar levels and cells in our body gets damaged leading to Diabetes.

Introduction to Diabetes in children

Most people believe that diabetes affects only elders, but it is not true, Diabetes in children has become common these days. In fact, diabetes in children can start at any point, at the age between 3-7 years or 10-12 years of age. Rarely, few kids get affected with Diabetes under the age of 9 months. This type of diabetes affecting infants is called “Neonatal Diabetes” and is mainly caused due to genetics.

Diabetes affecting children of 6 months age is called Type 1 Diabetes and around 90% of the children with Diabetes are suffering from this type. Especially children with 5 years are mostly getting affected with this type. Type 2 diabetes which is mostly seen in elders, is also affecting children nowadays. A sedentary lifestyle is the major cause of Type 2 Diabetes, children with obesity are at an increased risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes. The number of children getting affected by Diabetes has increased up to 10% in the past 30 years.

What is Type 1 Diabetes in children?

Type 1 Diabetes which is also called juvenile diabetes is a condition where the pancreas produces very little (fails to produce enough insulin) or no insulin. Without enough insulin, the cells in our body fail to use glucose which in turn leads to high glucose levels in the body fluids. This presence of high glucose levels in body fluids is called Type 1 Diabetes. This type mainly happens when Beta cells present in the pancreas gets damaged. Autoimmune disorders are considered to be the basic cause behind the damage of beta cells where our immune system mistakenly attacks the beta cells. The exact cause of this condition is not clear, but viral infections are considered as the risk factors.

Symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes

Symptoms of Type 1 diabetes in children start suddenly and it is very important to notice them in the early stages. Early detection of symptoms helps to get timely treatment and also helps to eliminate the risk of several health complications. Few common symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes include

  • Feeling thirsty and peeing more than usual- With a rise in glucose levels, water from our tissues comes out and makes us feel thirsty. Drinking more water also makes us pee more frequently. Furthermore, our kidneys also produce more urine to remove excess glucose from our body fluids.
  • Weakness and extreme hunger- Due to insufficient insulin, our cells do not get the required amount of glucose due to which the muscles and organs do not get enough energy and get exhausted. This further makes us feel weak and hungry.
  • Irritability and mood changes- This feeling of weakness and lack of energy make the kids irritable and few kids also fail to concentrate on their studies.
  • Blurred vision- With excess glucose levels in our body fluids, eyes become dry and lead to blurred vision.
  • Weight Loss- When our cells do not receive enough glucose for energy, they use muscle fat for energy which leads to weight loss. Sometimes children lose weight very quickly and noticing it in the early stages is very important. If left unrecognized, acid levels increase in the body and lead to severe complications.
  • Coma- In few cases, children suddenly become unconscious and this condition can be fatal in children below 5 years of age.

What is Type 2 Diabetes in children?

This is a condition where the pancreas makes enough insulin, but the cells fail to use it well as they should. This leads to high glucose levels in body fluids. This condition where cells fail to use insulin is called Insulin Resistance. The exact cause of Type 2 Diabetes in children is not clear but it is believed that it is associated with a sedentary lifestyle. Unhealthy food habits, obesity, lack of physical exercise and others act as triggering factors of Type 2 Diabetes. Before in the olden days, kids used to eat home-cooked food and play games outdoors, whereas, now the situation has changed, in this last phase of life, children are eating more junk foods and carbohydrates. After coming from schools kids are stuck with bundles of Home works and prefer to play video games or sit in front of smartphones or computers for hours without any physical exercises. This lack of physical activity is contributing to weight gain in many children. This imbalance in the amount of calorie intake and burning calories leads to fat accumulations in the abdominal area which increases the risk of insulin resistance. This further increases glucose levels in the body. Children with a family history of diabetes are at an increased risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes.

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Children with Type 2 Diabetes face symptoms like

  • Increased thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Increased hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Slow healing of sores
  • Frequent infections
  • Skin becomes black- Due to increased insulin levels, the skin around the neck, in the armpits and groin becomes black.

Control Diabetes with Lifestyle changes

High glucose levels can be controlled effectively with changes in foods we eat and adequate exercises when detected in the early stages. One can easily control glucose levels with lifestyle changes and without using any medications. If in case, the glucose levels are not controlled, then professionals prescribe suitable medications. Children are also given insulin injections for some time if necessary.

Prevention is always better than cure

As always said prevention is better than cure, taking enough care of kids and teaching them healthy habits is very important. As Type 2 Diabetes is mainly associated with our lifestyle, hence teaching our kids healthy habits, giving them a healthy and balanced diet filled with fruits and veggies, encouraging them to play outdoors and many others are very important.

Chances of children with normal weight getting affected with Diabetes are very low when compared to children who are obese. It is advisable to take your kids for glucose check-up’s once in a while especially those with a family history of diabetes.

Screening Diabetes

There are 2 simple tests to detect Diabetes irrespective of its types

  • The Fasting Plasma Glucose Test- If the glucose levels are higher than 125 mg/dL while you are fasting, then you need to be retested to confirm Diabetes.
  • The Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)- This test is conducted after two hours of drinking a sugary solution and if the results are higher than 200 mg/dL, then you need to be retested to confirm Diabetes.

Complications of Diabetes

High glucose levels in long run can damage veins and several organs in our body and lead to complications like cardiovascular diseases, fungal and bacterial infections, foot ulcers, kidney failure, retinopathy and so on.

Diabetic Diet Guide

If you want to balance the high sugar levels in your kids it is very important to give them a balanced diet. Give proteins, fats in balanced amounts. It is important to be cautious with foods like chocolates, noodles, ice creams, biscuits and sweets. Take dietary advice from experts for better results.

Monitor Glucose levels regularly

It is very important to monitor glucose levels regularly. Glucometers are widely available in the market nowadays and you can monitor the glucose levels frequently using them.

Do not hide it from your Children

It is not advisable to keep the fact that your kids are suffering from Diabetes a secret even though it is devastating. As it can adversely affect your child’s physical and mental growth and can even lower their self-confidence. Instead, you can explain to them clearly about their condition and support them in each step to control it. This way you can assist your kid in living healthy and happy irrespective of the fact of Diabetes.

Child Health Children Health Tips Monsoon Rainy Season

Rainy season safety tips for children

Safety tips for children’s need to follow in monsoon

With the arrival of rainy season, along with delightful drizzles of rain also come several health illnesses. During this season, the risk of various monsoon diseases like cold, flu, viral fevers, infections, allergies, airborne diseases, water-borne diseases and mosquito-borne diseases doubles and people with low immunity especially children are more at risk of developing them. Children get easily attacked by several contagious diseases while playing in the parks or in the schools or at home due to their weak immune system. We need to follow some safety tips for children.

Frequently asked questions
What are the most common Monsoon diseases?

How to overcome dengue in Monsoon?

What are the common Mosquito-borne diseases?

What are the tips to maintain Hygiene?

Extra care and safety during the rainy season are very important for children in monsoon. This is really a tough time for all the mothers as well as children. For all of them, today I have come up with a few simple yet effective monsoon safety tips. Follow these safety tips and enjoy healthy and safe monsoon.

Safety Tips for children’s in Rainy Season

  • Carry rain gear- Carrying rain gear like an umbrella, hooded raincoat and others in monsoon is a must to avoid unnecessary drenching in rain. Getting caught in a downpour can lead to cold, cough and other illnesses.
  • Have a warm shower after getting drenched- If your child gets drenched, give them a warm shower, this helps to regularize their body temperature and also helps to clean the dust and others.

Rainy season safety tips for children

  • A healthy diet- Healthy diet plays a crucial role in improving our immunity and keeping us fit. In monsoon we are more at risk of developing digestive problems and infections and hence consuming healthy and homemade foods is very important. Prefer homemade fresh foods and avoid junk foods, foods or juices from roadside stalls and uncooked salads. Raw salads should be avoided in this season and you can instead give your kids boiled veggies.
  • Drink purified and boiled water- Waterborne diseases are one of the most commonly faced problems in Monsoon. Drinking purified and boiled water is very important to protect our family and especially kids from these unwelcomed diseases. Also, make sure your kids are drinking enough water. Carry your own water bottle when you go out and avoid drinking outside contaminated water.
  • Maintain hygiene- Hygiene is very crucial for all of us especially in monsoon. Wash your hands and feet regularly to avoid infections and allergies. Do not touch your eyes, nose, and other areas to avoid infections. You can even avoid spreading of diseases by maintaining hygiene.
  • Keep your house and surroundings clean- Not just personal hygiene but keeping our house and surroundings clean is also must in the rainy season. Make sure you don’t have any stagnant water in your surroundings as it is the perfect breeding place for mosquitoes and others.
  • Use mosquito repellent creams- In order to avoid mosquito-borne diseases like dengue, malaria, chikungunya and several others, it is very important to use mosquito repellent creams, covering your body with clothes, sleeping under mosquito nets and others.
  • Learn about few safety precautions- Learning rainy weather safety tips in monsoon helps us in many ways. It is safe to head and reach home as soon as you hear thunder or lightning. Also, teach your kids not to go under trees or tall objects or metallic objects during thunders or lightening as this is dangerous.

Do not send your kids to school if they are ill to avoid further worsening of their condition and also to avoid spreading of the disease. If you have another kid, keep him/ her away from the infected kid and also wash your hands frequently. Follow above safety precautions in the rainy season and keep your kids healthy and strong.

Children Treatments

Safety tips for Children in Monsoon Season

How Children get Health problems in Monsoon Season?

Monsoon or rainy season brings relief from hot summers. All age groups get excited with cool breeze, droplets of water and the sweet smell of earth. Kids in monsoon love to play outdoors and have fun with their friends. But monsoon is key to all health problems and diseases in children. Monsoon along with cool environment, greenery, it also brings seasonal infections, mosquitoes and diseases. The wet and cool temperatures in monsoon develop and extend several bacteria and viruses. In monsoon there will be sudden change in temperature and weather that affects our children’s health. Many children get affected by continuous changes in weather along with infections and water based diseases. It is important to take care of children in monsoon to keep them away from many diseases and infections. With proper care and tips parents can help children stay away from diseases and allergies.

What are Major Health Problems in Children?

Some major health problems in children in monsoon are caused due to mosquitoes, water infections, food infections, bacteria and germs. Here is the list of health problems during monsoon in children

  • Cold and cough
  • Flu
  • Sore throat
  • Dengue
  • Typhoid
  • Malaria
  • diarrhea
  • Cholera
  • Jaundice
  • Viral fever
  • Fungal infections
  • Respiratory tract infections
  • Pneumonia
  • Hepatitis
  • Allergies
  • Mumps
  • Measles
  • Vomiting
  • Chikungunya
  • Leptospirosis

Children with weak immune system should be taken care properly to avoid viral infections. Parents should keep home and surroundings clean to avoid monsoon infections and diseases. Keep rooms ventilating in day time and close all the doors and windows in the evenings to keep the room warm and also to avoid mosquitoes and insects.

Safety Tips for Children :

Children in monsoon should follow some safety tips to stay healthy and avoid health problems in monsoon. Some safety precautions for children during monsoon are

  • Children should carry umbrellas and rain coats to avoid drenching in rain
  • Children should avoid outside food in order to stop food borne infections
  • Drink boiled water to stay away from water borne diseases
  • Children should keep surroundings clean and dry
  • Eat a balanced diet to build immune system
  • Wash your hands and legs frequently to avoid germs
  • Keep your hands and feet dry to avoid fungal infections
  • Trim your nails of both hands and legs to prevent infections
  • Take a bath with clean and hot water after getting wet in rain.

Homeopathy Treatment for Children :

Homeopathy is a natural treatment, it uses natural substances made from plants and vegetables for treatment. Homeopathy treatment is safe, painless and has no side effects and it can be used by all age groups including children. Homeopathy medicine is gentle but effective and very useful for children. Homeopathy treatment aims to improve body’s self healing system and immune system in order to avoid diseases and infections later in life. Remedies used for treatment are sweet pills and liquids which are suitable for kids and are effective in treating many seasonal infections and diseases in children.